Viksit Bharat is the vision of the Government of India to make India a developed nation by 2047, the 100th year of its independence. The vision encompasses various aspects of development, such as economic growth, social progress, environmental sustainability, and good governance. In this blog post, I will discuss different aspects of what a Viksit Bharat should look like in 2047 and what steps are needed to achieve this vision.
A Viksit Bharat should have a strong and resilient economy that can provide a high standard of living and opportunities for all its citizens. The economy should be based on innovation, entrepreneurship, and competitiveness, and should be able to cope with the challenges of the 21st century, such as digitalization, globalization, and climate change. Some of the indicators of economic growth are:
- GDP per capita: The GDP per capita of India should reach at least $10,000 by 2047, which would place India among the upper-middle-income countries2.
- Poverty reduction: The poverty rate of India should be reduced to less than 5% by 2047, which would mean that no one in India would live below the international poverty line of $1.90 per day3.
- Employment generation: India’s unemployment rate should be reduced to less than 5% by 2047, which would mean that everyone in India who wants to work would have a decent and productive job4.
- Industrial development: The share of manufacturing in India’s GDP should increase to at least 25% by 2047, meaning that India would have a diversified and competitive industrial base5.
- Infrastructure development: The quality and quantity of India’s infrastructure, such as roads, railways, ports, airports, power, water, and sanitation, should improve significantly by 2047, which would mean that India would have a world-class and sustainable infrastructure network.
To achieve these goals, India needs to invest more in education, research, and development, promote ease of doing business, foster innovation and entrepreneurship, enhance trade and investment, and implement sound macroeconomic policies.
A Viksit Bharat should have a harmonious and inclusive society that can ensure the well-being and dignity of all its citizens. Society should be based on equality, justice, and diversity and should be able to respect and celebrate the rich cultural heritage of India. Some of the indicators of social progress are:
- Human development: India’s human development index (HDI) should reach at least 0.8 by 2047, which would place India among the very high human development countries. The HDI measures a country’s average achievements in health, education, and income.
- Health care: The life expectancy at birth of India should increase to at least 80 years by 2047, which would mean that India would have a healthy and long-lived population. The infant mortality rate and the maternal mortality ratio of India should decrease to less than 10 per 1,000 live births and less than 10 per 100,000 live births, respectively, by 2047, which would mean that India would have a safe and quality health care system.
- Education: The literacy rate and the gross enrolment ratio of India should reach 100% by 2047, which would mean that everyone in India would have access to basic and quality education. The average years of schooling and the expected years of schooling of India should increase to at least 15 years by 2047, which would mean that India would have a skilled and knowledgeable workforce.
- Gender equality: The gender gap index of India should reach at least 0.8 by 2047, which would mean that India would have a gender-balanced and empowered society. The gender gap index measures the extent of gender-based gaps in four dimensions: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment.
- Social justice: The social justice index of India should reach at least 0.8 by 2047, which would mean that India would have a fair and inclusive society. The social justice index measures the extent of social justice in six dimensions: poverty prevention, equitable education, labor market access, social cohesion and non-discrimination, health, and intergenerational justice.
To achieve these goals, India needs to invest more in health, education, and social protection, promote gender equality and women’s empowerment, protect human rights and minorities, strengthen democracy and rule of law, and foster social cohesion and harmony.
A Viksit Bharat should have a green and clean environment that can preserve the natural resources and biodiversity of India. The environment should be based on conservation, restoration, and resilience, and should be able to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Some of the indicators of environmental sustainability are:
- Carbon footprint: The carbon footprint of India should be reduced to less than 2 tonnes per capita by 2047, which would mean that India would have a low-carbon and climate-friendly economy. The carbon footprint measures the amount of greenhouse gas emissions caused by a country’s activities.
- Renewable energy: The share of renewable energy in India’s total energy consumption should increase to at least 50% by 2047, which would mean that India would have a clean and secure energy supply. Renewable energy sources include solar, wind, hydro, biomass, and geothermal energy.
- Forest cover: The forest cover of India should increase to at least 33% by 2047, which would mean that India would have a rich and diverse forest ecosystem. The forest cover measures the percentage of land area covered by forests.
- Water management: The water availability and quality of India should improve significantly by 2047, which would mean that India would have a sufficient and safe water supply. The water availability measures the amount of freshwater resources available per capita, and the water quality measures the level of pollution and contamination of water sources.
- Waste management: The waste generation and disposal of India should be minimized and optimized by 2047, which would mean that India would have a circular and efficient waste management system. The waste generation measures the amount of solid waste produced per capita, and the waste disposal measures the methods and practices of treating and disposing of waste.
To achieve these goals, India needs to invest more in green technologies and innovations, promote green lifestyles and behaviors, enhance environmental awareness and education, implement environmental policies and regulations, and cooperate with international and regional partners.